This study analyzed state-level Indian data on the causes of death among children under five for the years 2000-2015. India made great progress during the period, reducing annual mortality among children under five from 2.5 million in 2000 to 1.2 million in 2015. But among India’s states, great disparities remained: The highest mortality rate, in Assam, a state in northeastern India, was more than 7 times that in the western state of Goa. Although most under-five deaths were due to preterm complications, preventable infectious diseases featured prominently as causes of death in higher-mortality states.
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Hindustan Times Business Standard
Recommended citation: Liu, L., Chu, Y., Oza, S., Hogan, D., Perin, J., Bassani, D.G., Ram, U., Fadel, S.A., Pandey, A., Dhingra, N., Sahu, D., Kumar, P., Cibulskis, R., Wahl, B., Shet, A., Mathers, C., Lawn, J., Jha, P., Kumar, R., Black, R.E., & Cousens, S. (2019). National, regional and state all-cause and cause-specific under-five mortality in India in 2000-2015: a systematic analysis with implications for the Sustainable Development Goals. The Lancet Global Health, 7(6);721-734. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30080-4.